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Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)

Water Missions Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Program is a component of our community development program for transformation of communities through education regarding safe water practices that will insure maximum results to the health and wellbeing of the individual and community. WMI seeks to maximize the utilization of safe water for optimum community health for the people served by safe water projects.
The WMI Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Program promotes the understanding of the benefits of safe water for individual and community health through training in basic health practices. Participatory interaction within the community builds relationships that provide opportunities for both physical and spiritual transformation. These objectives merge to fulfill the dual mission of Water Missions International in providing access to safe water and the opportunity to hear the Living Water message.


Responsibilities for the organization of the Country WASH Program
  1. Training of Trainers
  2. Water Missions International Training Modules
  3. Trainings Associated with Safe Water Project Timeline
  4. Community Trainings
  5. Community Transformation
  6. Health and Hygiene Trifold Brochures
  7. WMI Posters
  8. Links to Additional Health and Hygiene Resources

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Responsibilities for the organization of the Country WASH Program

The WMI Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Program is a portion of the community development phase of safe water projects that are carried out under the direction of designated country programs as well as affiliated country programs. Responsibilities for the organization of the Country WASH Program include the following:
  1. Designation of Health and Hygiene Country Coordinator
  2. Assembly of Appropriate Teaching Resources
  3. Training of Community Trainers
  4. Oversight of Community Trainings
  5. Monitoring and Evaluation of Community Health and Hygiene Trainings
  6. Reporting of Progress and Ongoing Needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A complete overview of the Water Missions WASH Program can be found at Health and Hygiene Section of the Country Program Manual.

Training of Trainers

The model for the development of the community health and hygiene program centers around training of identified Community Health and Hygiene Trainers (these may also be called Community Mobilizers) within the community. Training will include an understanding of participatory community development, and engagement of the community in taking ownership of improved community health standards. Trainings of Trainers will emphasize the purpose of the WMI water, sanitation, and hygiene program in improved health and sanitation practices within the community. The WMI Health and Hygiene Country Coordinator will provide training in the use of WMI approved water, sanitation, and hygiene resources.

Water Missions has developed a certificate appropriate for sharing with either international staff or community workers who have been trained to train others in health and hygiene practices.

Water Missions International Training Modules

Water Missions International WASH program contains the following modules:

  • IMPORTANCE OF SAFE WATER
    • How water is contaminated
    • Effect of contamination on individual and community health
    • WMI technologies as a solution for safe water
    • Impact of safe water on community health
  • IMPORTANCE OF SAFE WATER DISINFECTION
    • Why chlorine versus other disinfection methods
    • Effect of chlorination on microbes
    • Safe usage of chlorine
    • Importance of preserving safe water from disinfection to mouth
  • IMPORTANCE OF PROPER HYGIENE PRACTICES
    • Understanding the transmission route of microbes
    • Importance of hand-washing in disease prevention
    • Importance of cleanliness in overall health
  • WATER-BORNE DISEASES: CAUSES AND PREVENTION
    • Causes of water-borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid, guinea worms, trachoma, intestinal worms, scabies, etc.
    • Causes of water-related diseases such as malaria
    • Symptoms of water-borne and water-related diseases
    • Treatment of diarrhea
    • Prevention of water-related diseases
  • IMPORTANCE OF PROPER SANITATION
    • Importance of cleanliness in disposal of waste
    • Proper disposal of feces/body waste
    • Proper disposal of trash

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Trainings Associated with Safe Water Project Timeline

  1. Pre-installation: Preparation of the Community
    • Importance of Safe Water
    • Importance of Disinfection
  2. Commissioning: Introduction of Safe Water
    • Proper Use and Storage of Water
    • Prevention of Water-borne and water-related diseases
  3. Quarterly Monitoring and Evaluation Visits
    • Importance of Personal Hygiene
    • Reinforcement of Safe Water Practices
  4. Final Commissioning Service
    • Review of Importance of Safe Water
    • Responsibility for sustainability

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Community Trainings

  1. Where the school is the local partner, school health clubs may be organized or engaged in the community. The use of health club members to relay health messages to their peers is commonly known as child-to-child methodology (CTC).
  2. Mobile health clinics promote health campaigns during community visits where the hospital is the local partner.
  3. Establishment of links with the local public health department strengthens community relationships and supports the promotion of good health.
  4. Visits within the community by the Community Health and Hygiene Trainer for small group peer-to-peer trainings remain the most effective means for sustainability of transformation of health practices.

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Holistic Community Transformation

The WMI Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Program offers an holistic approach to community transformation that integrates physical and spiritual well-being. In order to fulfill the dual mission of Water Missions International, the Health and Hygiene Program serves as a bridge to opportunities for sharing the Living Water Gospel of Jesus Christ through relationship evangelism. For this reason, the Health and Hygiene Trainers on the country program level as well as in the individual communities should share the vision and mission of Water Missions International in matters of faith in Jesus Christ. As relationships are formed during small group, peer-to-peer trainings, the health and hygiene trainer will have opportunities for sharing their faith as it relates to transformation of health practices for the individual and community.
Water, sanitation, and hygiene lessons themselves provide abundant metaphors for bridging the gap from physical to spiritual well-being. Discussion of traditional beliefs as they relate to health practices opens doors for sharing the true spirituality and can provide new understanding of the scientific basis for health practices. Communication between regional health and hygiene workers will allow for shared learning, increased creativity and encouragement in the important work of community transformation. Sensitivity to cultural norms and resistance to the Gospel are strictly observed. Opportunities to receive health and hygiene trainings without integration of matters of faith are freely available to all persons regardless of race, sex, creed or cultural background.

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WASH Trifold Brochures


WMI Posters

The following set of posters were made available to WMI for adaptation from the Centre for Affordable Sanitation Technologies (CAWST).WMI is also grateful to WEDC for the poster on Handwashing techniques. These posters are available in high-resolution for printing in sets of eight posters with the teaching lessons on the back or in 11x17 flipcharts. WMI Haiti has also had these posters printed onto individual 24"x36" canvases for use in larger group settings.


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Sanitation Resources


  • Arbor Lou Instructions: Instructions on how to build a healthy latrine using local resources. A method for recycling human waste. By Peter Morgan, Harare, 2000.

  • CAWST Sanitation Educational Activities
    • Sanitation Ladder
    • Three Pile Sorting
    • Transmission Routes

Regional Resources

The following are regional resources developed by WMI Country Programs within their specific country . These resources are tailored for use within their designated culture and/or region.     


Links to Additional Health and Hygiene Resources

  • PHAST Program: This is an innovative approach to promoting hygiene, sanitation and community management of water and sanitation facilities. It is an adaptation of the SARAR (Self-esteem, Associative strength, Resourcefulness, Action planning and Responsibility) methodology of participatory learning,which builds on people’s innate ability to address and resolve their own problems. It aims to empower communities to manage their water and to control sanitation-related diseases, and it does so by promoting health awareness and understanding which, in turn, lead to environmental and behavioral improvements.

  • Tippy Tap Instructions Resources: The following page contains links to various instructions for making a simple tippy tap for washing hands.

  Name Size
- 1 WHO_EOS_98.3_parte1_spa.pdf 1.87 MB
- 1African English Cover Page 1.doc 3.00 MB
- 1SEAS.jpg 228.12 KB
- 2 WHO_EOS_98.3_parte2_spa.pdf 6.29 MB
- 2SEAS.jpg 8.54 MB
- 3 Step by Step Activities.pdf 4.42 MB
- 3 WHO_EOS_98.3_parte3_spa.pdf 1.83 MB
- 3SEAS.jpg 6.02 MB
- 4 Making a Toolkit.pdf 2.08 MB
- 4SEAS.jpg 6.88 MB
- 5SEAS.jpg 5.72 MB
- 6SEAS.jpg 373.45 KB
- 7SEAS.jpg 5.25 MB
- 8SEAS.jpg 9.48 MB
- AF Chichewa 1.JPG 90.45 KB
- AF Chichewa 2.jpg 6.97 MB
- AF Chichewa 3.jpg 4.46 MB
- AF Chichewa 4.jpg 4.97 MB
- AF Chichewa 5.jpg 4.64 MB
- AF Chichewa 6.jpg 367.49 KB
- AF Chichewa 7.jpg 4.48 MB
- AF Chichewa 8.jpg 7.24 MB
- AF Eng 2.JPG 5.31 MB
- AF Eng 3.jpg 4.41 MB
- AF Eng 4.jpg 4.98 MB
- AF Eng 5.jpg 4.59 MB
- AF Eng 6.JPG 99.44 KB
- AF Eng 7.jpg 4.39 MB
- AF Eng 8.jpg 7.15 MB
- AF ENG trifold1.pdf 1.77 MB
- Africa Sanitation Ladder 1-4.pdf 797.52 KB
- Africa Sanitation Ladder 13-16.pdf 731.38 KB
- Africa Sanitation Ladder 5-8.pdf 754.93 KB
- Africa Sanitation Ladder 9-12.pdf 699.19 KB
- ArborLoo.pdf 1.52 MB
- CAWST Waterborne Pathogens of Greatest Health Risk to PLWHA.pdf 486.05 KB
- CLTS Handbook.pdf 2.46 MB
- CLTS_trainers training guide 2010.pdf 1.63 MB
- Community Led Total Sanitation Handbook summary 2008.docx 36.45 KB
- Community Led Total Sanitation Handbook summary.docx 36.22 KB
- Cover Page Lesson Plan.JPG 84.47 KB
- Haiti H&H trifold FRENCH.pdf 2.52 MB
- Health and Hygiene Program compressed for screen.pptx 4.86 MB
- Health and Hygiene Training Certificate of Excellence - Indonesian WMI logo.ppt 453.50 KB
- Health and Hygiene Training Certificate of Excellence.ppt 273.50 KB
- LA Creole 1.jpg 95.84 KB
- LA Creole 2.jpg 6.14 MB
- LA Creole 3.jpg 4.43 MB
- LA Creole 4.jpg 5.02 MB
- LA Creole 5.jpg 4.05 MB
- LA Creole 6.jpg 363.74 KB
- LA Creole 7.jpg 4.66 MB
- LA Creole 8.jpg 5.94 MB
- LA Eng 1.doc 2.66 MB
- LA Eng 2.jpg 12.46 MB
- LA Eng 3.jpg 10.57 MB
- LA Eng 4.jpg 11.74 MB
- LA Eng 5.jpg 10.45 MB
- LA Eng 6 .pdf 933.20 KB
- LA Eng 8.jpg 14.32 MB
- LA ENG trifold.pdf 1.49 MB
- LA Spa 2.jpg 2.33 MB
- LA Spa 3.jpg 2.09 MB
- LA Spa 4.jpg 2.13 MB
- LA Spa 5.jpg 1.85 MB
- LA Spa 7.jpg 1.68 MB
- LA Spa 8.jpg 2.72 MB
- Misiones del Agua copy.jpg 182.98 KB
- Poster 2 lesson plan.JPG 327.27 KB
- Poster 3 lesson plan.JPG 273.83 KB
- Poster 4 lesson plan.JPG 323.58 KB
- Poster 5 lesson plan.JPG 250.94 KB
- Poster 6 lesson plan.pdf 81.30 KB
- Poster 7 lesson plan.JPG 258.61 KB
- Poster 8 lesson plan.JPG 279.16 KB
- Poster AS11x17.jpg 590.88 KB
- SEAS cover creative access.pdf 1.07 MB
- SEAS cover without cross.pdf 1.07 MB
- SEAS ENG trifold.pdf 1.50 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 1.jpg 1.09 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 2.jpg 1.43 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 3.jpg 1.09 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 4.jpg 2.14 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 5.jpg 2.59 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 6.jpg 1.20 MB
- South Asia WASH poster 7.jpg 958.94 KB
- South Asia WASH poster 8.jpg 1.51 MB
- Spanish 6 text below.jpg 323.41 KB
- Threefold1.jpg 290.35 KB
- Threefold2.jpg 387.74 KB
- whatisphast.pdf 112.43 KB
- WHO_EOS_98.3_part1_fre.pdf 1.56 MB
- WHO_EOS_98.3_part2_fre.pdf 4.64 MB
- WHO_EOS_98.3_part3_fre.pdf 2.30 MB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 1 Spanish.doc 34.50 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 2 Spanish.doc 35.50 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 3 Spanish.doc 34.00 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 4 Spanish.doc 34.50 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 5 Spanish.doc 34.00 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 6 Spanish.doc 34.50 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 7 Spanish.doc 34.50 KB
- WMI WASH Lesson Plan Poster 8 Spanish.doc 35.00 KB

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