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Page History: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Training (WASH)

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Page Revision: 2010/08/26 15:18

Health and Hygiene

Water Missions Health and Hygiene Program is a component of our community development program for transformation of communities through education regarding safe water practices that will insure maximum results to the health and wellbeing of the individual and community. WMI seeks to maximize the utilization of safe water for optimum community health for the people served by safe water projects.
The WMI Health and Hygiene Program promotes the understanding of the benefits of safe water for individual and community health through training in basic health practices. Participatory interaction within the community builds relationships that provide opportunities for both physical and spiritual transformation. These objectives merge to fulfill the dual mission of Water Missions International in providing access to safe water and the opportunity to hear the Living Water message.

Responsibilities for the organization of the Country Health and Hygiene Program
  1. Training of Trainers
  2. Water Missions International Training Modules
  3. Trainings Associated with Safe Water Project Timeline
  4. Community Trainings
  5. Community Transformation
  6. Health and Hygiene Trifold Brochures
  7. WMI Posters
  8. Links to Additional Health and Hygiene Resources

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Responsibilities for the organization of the Country Health and Hygiene Program

The WMI Health and Hygiene Program is a portion of the community development phase of safe water projects that are carried out under the direction of designated country programs as well as affiliated country programs. Responsibilities for the organization of the Country Health and Hygiene Program include the following:
  1. Designation of Health and Hygiene Country Coordinator
  2. Assembly of Appropriate Teaching Resources
  3. Training of Community Trainers
  4. Oversight of Community Trainings
  5. Monitoring and Evaluation of Community Health and Hygiene Trainings
  6. Reporting of Progress and Ongoing Needs

Training of Trainers

The model for the development of the community health and hygiene program centers around training of identified Community Health and Hygiene Trainers (these may also be called Community Mobilizers) within the community. Training will include an understanding of participatory community development, and engagement of the community in taking ownership of improved community health standards. Trainings of Trainers will emphasize the purpose of the WMI health and hygiene program in improved health and sanitation practices within the community. The WMI Health and Hygiene Country Coordinator will provide training in the use of WMI approved health and hygiene resources.


Water Missions International Training Modules

The WMI Health and Hygiene Program includes the following teaching modules:
    • How water is contaminated
    • Effect of contamination on individual and community health
    • WMI technologies as a solution for safe water
    • Impact of safe water on community health
    • Why chlorine versus other disinfection methods
    • Effect of chlorination on microbes
    • Safe usage of chlorine
    • Importance of preserving safe water from disinfection to mouth
    • Understanding the transmission route of microbes
    • Importance of hand-washing in disease prevention
    • Importance of cleanliness in overall health
    • Causes of water-borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid, guinea worms, trachoma, intestinal worms, scabies, etc.
    • Causes of water-related diseases such as malaria
    • Symptoms of water-borne and water-related diseases
    • Treatment of diarrhea
    • Prevention of water-related diseases
    • Importance of cleanliness in disposal of waste
    • Proper disposal of feces/body waste
    • Proper disposal of trash


Trainings Associated with Safe Water Project Timeline

  1. Pre-installation: Preparation of the Community
    • Importance of Safe Water
    • Importance of Disinfection
  2. Commissioning: Introduction of Safe Water
    • Proper Use and Storage of Water
    • Prevention of Water-borne and water-related diseases
  3. Quarterly Monitoring and Evaluation Visits
    • Importance of Personal Hygiene
    • Reinforcement of Safe Water Practices
  4. Final Commissioning Service
    • Review of Importance of Safe Water
    • Responsibility for sustainability


Community Trainings

  1. Where the school is the local partner, school health clubs may be organized or engaged in the community. The use of health club members to relay health messages to their peers is commonly known as child-to-child methodology (CTC).
  2. Mobile health clinics promote health campaigns during community visits where the hospital is the local partner.
  3. Establishment of links with the local public health department strengthens community relationships and supports the promotion of good health.
  4. Visits within the community by the Community Health and Hygiene Trainer for small group peer-to-peer trainings remain the most effective means for sustainability of transformation of health practices.


Holistic Community Transformation

The WMI Health and Hygiene Program offers an holistic approach to community transformation that integrates physical and spiritual well-being. In order to fulfill the dual mission of Water Missions International, the Health and Hygiene Program serves as a bridge to opportunities for sharing the Living Water Gospel of Jesus Christ through relationship evangelism. For this reason, the Health and Hygiene Trainers on the country program level as well as in the individual communities should share the vision and mission of Water Missions International in matters of faith in Jesus Christ. As relationships are formed during small group, peer-to-peer trainings, the health and hygiene trainer will have opportunities for sharing their faith as it relates to transformation of health practices for the individual and community.
Health and hygiene lessons themselves provide abundant metaphors for bridging the gap from physical to spiritual well-being. Discussion of traditional beliefs as they relate to health practices opens doors for sharing the true spirituality and can provide new understanding of the scientific basis for health practices. Communication between regional health and hygiene workers will allow for shared learning, increased creativity and encouragement in the important work of community transformation. Sensitivity to cultural norms and resistance to the Gospel are strictly observed. Opportunities to receive health and hygiene trainings without integration of matters of faith are freely available to all persons regardless of race, sex, creed or cultural background.


Health and Hygiene Trifold Brochures

WMI Posters

The following set of posters were made available to WMI for adaptation from the Centre for Affordable Sanitation Technologies (CAWST).WMI is also grateful to WEDC for the poster on Handwashing techniques. These posters are available in high-resolution for printing in sets of eight posters with the teaching lessons on the back or in 11x17 flipcharts. WMI Haiti has also had these posters printed onto individual 24"x36" canvases for use in larger group settings.


Links to Additional Health and Hygiene Resources

  • Health and Hygiene Section of the Country Program Manual
  • PHAST Program
    This is an innovative approach to promoting hygiene, sanitation and community management of water and sanitation facilities. It is an adaptation of the SARAR (Self-esteem, Associative strength, Resourcefulness, Action planning and Responsibility) methodology of participatory learning,which builds on people’s innate ability to address and resolve their own problems. It aims to empower communities to manage their water and to control sanitation-related diseases, and it does so by promoting health awareness and understanding which, in turn, lead to environmental and behavioural improvements.

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